- Green Revolution Essay in English
- The green days of the Green Revolution (History and Development)
- Green Revolution Seminar/Essay - Welcome to Mr. Hare's Classroom
The introduction of tractors and combined harvesters have helped the farmer in ploughing the land and growing His crops more effectively and quickly. It has been made possible to cultivate more Land in a shorter time.
Green Revolution Essay in English
The introduction of various pesticides and germ killers has Ensured the safety of the crops. The tubewell and canals have eliminated the fear of Failing rainfalls. All these factors have contributed to the increase in the production of food grains. Other agencies which have helped to develop agriculture in every possible way are the agricultural universities and banks.
The Agricultural University at Ludhiana has played a leading role in bringing about this progress. The new famous varieties of wheat like Kalyan and PV 18 have been developed from Mexican qualities by this university. This had a number of indirect effects such as the cultural identity of the village being slowly destroyed and increased urbanization because of consciousness of the existing differences.
The Green Revolution also had negative effects for women in society.
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According to Pingali women farmers and female-headed households are found to have gained proportionally less than their male counterparts across crops and continents. Cross-country empirical evidence shows that women farmers are no less efficient than their male counterparts when using the same productive assets; however, women consistently face barriers to accessing productive resources and technologies Economic Effects The growth in food production led to a decline in food prices which benefitted the poor, especially in Asia, who spent more than one half of their income on food grains.
The adoption of high-yielding crops helped many Asian countries. Essay The Revolution Of The Green Revolution Merriam Webster describes revolution as a sudden, extreme, or complete change in the way people live, work, etc. Read More. Words: - Pages: 6. Words: - Pages:. Essay Dbq Green Revolution DBQ-Green Revolution The Green Revolution brought about many causes in societies, some positive and some negative, due to new uses of technologies such as scientifically bred crops. Words: - Pages: 4. Words: - Pages: 8.
The green days of the Green Revolution (History and Development)
Essay The Livestock And Green Revolution The livestock and green revolution are two agricultural events that will take place within the next 50 years that say that we will need to increase production of plants and livestock products to meet the demands of the growing population. Essay The Livestock And Green Revolution Trying to Keep up with one The livestock and green revolution are two agricultural events that will take place within the next 50 years that say that we will need to increase production of plants and livestock products to meet the demands of the growing population.
Words: - Pages: 5. Popular Essays. Ready To Get Started? Create Flashcards. Moreover, to further enhance crop productivity, the widespread use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides has seen very rapid increase in Bangladesh compared to other South Asian countries Alauddin and Quiggin, , pp. However, until the innovation of HYV seeds, the changes mentioned above were not of much significance. HYVs have crowded out the traditional varieties of crops and other non-cereal crops Alauddin and Hossain, , pp.
It is a combination of Design and Capacity Transfer. Owing to the Green Revolution, Bangladesh agriculture has shifted from subsistence agriculture to more of semi-commercial farming and it had undergone considerable changes in terms of both input and output Alauddin and Hossain, , pp. As a whole, Bangladesh agriculture has become more capital intensive and has serious implications for socioeconomic changes. Now that we are aware of the changes, we may now delve into the factors behind such a transformation.
This analysis is divided into two portions. The first part is devoted to the motivation that led to the revolution. The second part is dedicated to the measures that led to this favorable leap in Bangladesh agricultural production.
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Bangladesh, occupying 0. The situation has been further aggravated due to a continuous growth in the population whilst arable land was already scarce Alauddin and Quiggin, , pp. Inevitably, Bangladesh was unable to keep up the food- population balance Naher, , p. Against this setting, the solution that the green revolution provided was suitable for Bangladesh in the sense that it was more of internal land-augmenting through usage of HYV seeds and fertilizers.
One must also add that the unevenness in the distribution of rainfall across various regions caused a decrease in the reliability of surface water. On the other hand, ground water availability, now possible with the use of various types of pumps due to the advent of green revolution technology provided a much more stable supply of water for irrigation purposes.
Green Revolution Seminar/Essay - Welcome to Mr. Hare's Classroom
Other than the dire need for such a change to take place, the ease of technological diffusion worldwide along with the provision of credit from both government Bangladesh Krishi Bank: BKB and NGOs have played a central role to stimulate further increase in agricultural produce. The system of sharecropping where the landowner allows a sharecropper to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land and the ease at which farmers were able to absorb the new production techniques through the governments awareness programs have contributed immensely to the intensification of agriculture.
Considering the ongoing process of changes in Bangladesh agriculture, it is now important to analyze how and why the policies that fuelled these changes have evolved historically. During the s and s, in order to deal with the growing dependence on imported food and static nature of food grain production, exacerbated by the growing population pressure, the Government increased investment in irrigation and drainage structure installation.
Alauddin and Hossain, , pp. Furthermore, to control the river flow, the Government built dams and barrages. However, the building of dams led to inadequate recharge of aquifers and water availability in the dry seasons Alauddin and Hossain, , pp. To make things worse, the STWs had adverse environmental implications because of increased fossil fuel usage Alauddin and Sharma, , pp.
On that note, it is noticeable that these policies focused more on large-scale irrigation projects without less or no emphasis on chemical fertilizers, small-scale irrigation and biological innovations Alauddin and Hossain, , pp. Towards the later part of s, it seemed that there was no more scope of depending on external land augmentation as arable land per capita declined, which indicated that Bangladesh agriculture had then to shift to the intensive margin policies.
This ultimately led to the adaptation of Green Revolution technologies Alauddin and Hossain, , pp. This has happened through several phases. It was initiated by the increased use of chemical fertilizers followed by the enhanced irrigation facilities.
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However it was not until the innovation of HYVs that the above mentioned factors had any real impact on Bangladesh agriculture. In fact, for the complete adaptation of HYV technology in Bangladesh, there had been three phases of technology transfer. However, it was not until early s that the HYV seeds of wheat were introduced in Bangladesh Alauddin and Hossain, , pp. These imports of seeds resulted in Bangladesh being highly dependent on Multi-National Companies, which in turn increased the cost of production for the farmers.
This is because, when the Government first introduced the Green Revolution Technologies in Bangladesh, they provided the farmers with attractive subsidies to encourage greater use of new technologies such as dissemination of irrigation equipment Alauddin and Quiggin, , pp. Afterwards, when the Governments wish of widespread adaptation of these technologies were accomplished and the farmers became used to it, the subsidies were gradually removed; thus resulting in increased cost for farmers being dependent on MNCs for their HYV seeds.
Consequentially, due to more dependence on HYV seeds of only rice and wheat because of their higher returns, the other crops were seriously neglected, thus making Bangladesh a mono-crop economy. As can be observed from history, the trade liberalization of Bangladesh during the s s further impeded the growth of other non-crop sectors of agriculture such as jute, paper, sugar and tea industries. Due to the synthetic substitutes, export of jute products declined substantially, while the paper industry was also affected because of competing imports.
The low price of Indian sugar compared to that of Bangladesh encouraged imports thus crowding out the local sugar producers.